Project Description

The Gregorian Chant School

The School

The Gregorian Chant School

The Gregorian Chant School, now in its 7th edition, consists of a series of study and in-depth courses of the greatest European musical and cultural heritage, as well as singing proper to the Roman Catholic Church. The initiative, launched on a national scale, boasts prestigious sponsorships and responds to a growing demand for art and beauty to which Accademia Corale Teleion, in collaboration with Cantori Gregoriani, has responded by activating various initiatives including themed workshops and the Summer Course of Gregorian chant. From this seventh year, the School enters the more articulated planning of AERCO Academy. This proposal – addressed in particular to choir directors, organists and singers – intends to deal in a systematic and rigorous way with the ancient manuscript sources of Gregorian chant. Ample space will also be reserved for executive practice and group exercises, aimed at singing the Holy Mass on the 6th Sunday of Easter, preceded by Vespers, at the Basilica of Santa Barbara in Mantua.

POSSIBILITY OF ATTENDANCE
Each year of the Triennium can be repeated several times, finding the contents resubmitted, but applied to examples that are largely different each year. For those who wish, it is possible to enroll only in the theoretical online courses of Introduction to Gregorian Chant, Gregorian Semiology or Gregorian Paleography or to each single masterclass.

THREE YEAR EXAMS
At the end of the three-year period, it will be possible, and highly recommended, to take the final exam useful for verifying one’s actual understanding and revision of what has been presented. It will consist of an interview with the teachers on the contents addressed during the three-year period, to be carried out during one of the three weekends in the presence of the third year according to the procedures communicated by the Commission itself. Students who have successfully passed the final examination of the three-year period will be able to enroll in the annual Master the following academic year.

PUBLICATION
From this year, the Yearbook of the Gregorian Chant School, published by AERCO, will also be activated, presenting articles by the teachers of the School. They will also propose an essay in the drafting of which the students of the Triennium and the annual Master can actively collaborate.

SUMMER COURSE
At the end of each year of the School, the Summer Course of Gregorian Chant is organized, according to methods made known in time, in which all students are encouraged to take part in order to complete the training.

CERTIFICATE OF ATTENDANCE
It will be possible to obtain a certificate of participation having registered at least 70% of the attendance; the same minimum percentage is essential to be admitted to take the final three-year exam.

REGISTRATION FEES
Gregorian Singing School (every year): 200 euros (100 euros for AERCO and Schola Gregoriana Ecce members)
Online course only: 50 euros (30 euros for AERCO and Schola Gregoriana Ecce students)
Single Masterclass (weekend Saturday-Sunday): 70 euros (50 euros for AERCO and Schola Gregoriana Ecce members)
Payment details (by bank transfer, credit card and PayPal) can be found on the registration form

REGISTRATION
To register, simply fill in the following form

INFORMATION
gregoriano@aerco.academy

ARTISTIC DIRECTION
Artistic director of the Gregorian Chant School: Luca Buzzavi
Artistic collaborator: Michael Guastalla

PARTNERSHIP AND PATRONAGE
Diocese of Mantua – Liturgical office
Diocese of Ferrara – Liturgical office
C. G. Andreoli Foundation
FENIARCO
Teleion Choral Academy

The Study Programs

1st year (three years) 2nd year (three years) 3rd year (three years) MASTER

(annuale)

Online Theoretical Courses Lesson modalities
Introduction to the Gregorian Chant 0 18 h
Gregorian Semiology 0 18 h 18h
Gregorian Paleography 0 18 h 18h
Salmodia 0 6h 6h 6h 6h
Modalità – Method (in-depth course) 0 20h** 20h** 20h** 20
Gregorian video writing A 10h
In Presence Theoretical-practical Courses
Repertoire of Proper and Ordinary P 20 h 20 h 20 h 20 h
Repertoire for the Liturgy of the Hours P 20 h 20 h 20 h 20 h
Gregorian vocality P 10 h 10 h 10 h 10 h
Practical-theoretical Monographic Seminars P 6 h 6 h 6 h 6 h
Optional: participation as an auditor in the meetings of the Schola Gregoriana exception A 10 h 20 h
Total hours 130 h 120 h 120 h 120 h

Legend:

P: face-to-face lessons

O: online lessons

A: self-administered lessons with audio / video material and scores provided

* those attending the annual Master can choose between Semiology and Paleography

** those attending the three-year course can also choose to follow the in-depth course

Theoretical online courses program

9 meetings, 18 hours: 1 meeting per week of 2 hours each, on Friday evening from 8.45 pm to 10.45 pm, on the Zoom platform, from Friday 1 October 2021. The Psalmody module, common to the three fundamental courses of Introduction, Semiology and Paleography, will be held on 27 – 28 December 2021, from 9 to 12 with a 15 minute break midway through the lesson, for a total of 6 hours. Here is the overall schedule:

teacher: Luca Buzzavi

The target

Provide the necessary knowledge to be able to access general exercises and in-depth courses.

The field of investigation

Excerpts from the proprium missae, ordinarium missae and the Office’s repertoire will be analyzed.

The methodology

Through the projection of synthetic presentations, illustrative images, plays and articles in support of the lessons, the students will be accompanied through stimulating itineraries to take the first steps in the study of Gregorian Chant. During the course will also be proposed the analysis of some passages on which students enrolled in the courses of Introduction to Gregorian Chant, Gregorian Semiology, Gregorian Paleography, Modes will work from different points of view. At the end of the courses, the teachers will collect the papers of their students and combine them into a single article that will be published in the Yearbook of the Gregorian Chant School.

The topics and exercises

The path will follow the following themes:

1 – Orientation on the tetragrammaton and Vatican notation

Tutorial: analysis of passages in square notation

2 – Forms and styles of Gregorian Chant (proprium, ordinarium and repertoire of the Office)

Practice: stylistic-formal analysis of pieces from the Gregorian repertoire

3 – Structure of the adiastematic notations of Sangallo and Metense: from the monosonic neuma to the neumes of three sounds. Notes on conduction neumes and liquescence. Mode elements.

Exercise: simple retroversions and searches in the main adiastematic codes

4 – The text in the Gregorian Chant

Exercise: recognition of the types of textual interventions and research among the sources of the Antiphonale Missarum Sextuplex

5 – Elements of the Liturgy

Exercise: structuring of liturgical-musical programs

teacher: Angelo Corno

The target

To deal with the main themes of Gregorian Semiology and to be able to perform retroversions with the Sangallese and Metense notations.

The field of investigation

Excerpts from the proprium missae, ordinarium missae and the Office’s repertoire will be analyzed.

The methodology

Clear teaching units will be addressed in the form of investigation and research itineraries in order to stimulate the students to learn the theoretical and practical contents.

During the course will also be proposed the analysis of some passages on which students enrolled in the courses of Introduction to Gregorian Chant, Gregorian Semiology, Gregorian Paleography, Modes will work from different points of view. At the end of the courses, the teachers will collect the papers of their students and combine them into a single article that will be published in the Yearbook of the Gregorian Chant School.

The topics and exercises

The path will follow the following themes:

1 – The neumatic articulation

Exercise: analysis of passages, retroversions and research in the main adiastematic codes

2 – Liquescence

Practice: analysis of passages and research in manuscripts

3 – Special and conduction neumes

Exercise: analysis of passages, retroversions and research in the main adiastematic codes

4 – Neumes in unisonic contexts

Exercise: analysis of passages, retroversions and research in the main adiastematic codes

5 – Plurisonic neumes and sangallese and metensi retroversions

Practice: analysis of passages and retroversion exercises

teacher: Giorgio Merli

The target

Provide the necessary knowledge to be able to analyze musical manuscripts from different eras containing repertoire of Gregorian liturgical chant and local rites that survived the period of unification of the Carolingian era, identifying:

The location of the sheet examined (feast, time and liturgical moment)

The type of manuscript according to the content (gradual, antiphonary, etc.)

The type of notation, its dating, provenance and possible influences of mother notations

The field of investigation

The analysis will focus in particular on the manuscripts of the various geographical areas starting from the first adiastematic testimonies, but some later testimonies up to the first printed editions will also be examined, limited to square notation and Gregorian chant).

The methodology

The essential theoretical discussion will be as limited as possible: we will try to make immediate reference, for each topic, to the handwritten testimonies through specific exercises.

The “field” survey aims to make the discussion of topics interesting that otherwise would risk appearing dry.

During the course will also be proposed the analysis of some passages on which students enrolled in the courses of Introduction to Gregorian Chant, Gregorian Semiology, Gregorian Paleography, Modes will work from different points of view. At the end of the courses, the teachers will collect the papers of their students and combine them into a single article that will be published in the Yearbook of the Gregorian Chant School.

The topics and exercises

1 – The various types of liturgical books with musical notation (gradual, antiphonary, missal, hymnal, processional, etc.)

Exercise: analysis of manuscript pages with the aim of identifying their typology

2 – Notes on the theories about the birth of musical notation. The classification criteria of a notation. Specific characteristics of the sangallese and metense notations, useful as a reference for the other notations.

Exercise: analysis of manuscript pages with the aim of identifying the main characteristics of the notation

3 – Analysis of the main notational families divided by geographic areas (paleofranca, German / Sangallese, Metense, Breton, Mozarabic, Aquitaine, French, Italian): first evidence and subsequent developments. Theoretical notations.

Exercise: analysis of manuscript pages of various notational families

teacher: Fulvio Rampi

27 – 28 December 2021

2 meetings, 6 hours, from 9 to 12 with a 15 minute break in the middle of the lesson

Target

Deepening of the compositional structures relating to the psalmody according to the plurality of forms and styles as a first conscious approach to the Gregorian modality.

Field of investigation and methodology

Analysis and recognition of psalmodic elements in Gregorian passages belonging to the Gradual and Antiphonal repertoire.

Topics and tutorials

1 – Simple psalmody and liturgical contexts

Exercise: adaptation of psalm texts to the simple tones of octoechos

2 – Semi-day psalmody: the tones of the Introit and Communion; the solemn psalmody

Practice: Adaptation of Psalm texts to semi-updated tones. The verses of communio in the St. Gallen code E121

3 – Ornate psalmody: the verses of the verbose responsories

Exercise: analysis of some long-winded responses

teacher: Daniel Saulnier

The course is open to all those who are interested in the topics covered, in particular to those enrolled in the annual Master of the Gregorian Chant School.

10 meetings, 20 hours: 1 meeting per week of 2 hours each, on Saturday afternoon from 2 to 4 pm, on the Zoom platform, from January to March 2022 according to the following calendar:

The target

Clarify the notion of musical mode in the context of Roman-Frankish chant and provide tools for a differentiated modal analysis of the pieces of the Gregorian repertoire.

The field of investigation

The analysis will focus on the passages present in the usual Gregorian chant books: Graduale romanum (1974), Graduale triplex (1979), Antiphonale romanum I-II (2009-2020), Antiphonale monasticum (2005-2009). When necessary, medieval manuscripts will be consulted.

The methodology and exercises

Each session will be structured according to three main steps: frontal lesson, exercises and practical applications, discussion on the topics covered. In each session, personal work will be proposed through which to self-verify learning within the next lesson. The solutions will still be corrected and commented on by the teacher each time. Some students will have the opportunity to present their research during the last few sessions.

During the course will also be proposed the analysis of some passages on which students enrolled in the courses of Introduction to Gregorian Chant, Gregorian Semiology, Gregorian Paleography, Modes will work from different points of view. At the end of the courses, the teachers will collect the papers of their students and combine them into a single article that will be published in the Yearbook of the Gregorian Chant School.

The arguments

1 – What song are we talking about?

2 – What is a way?

3 – The ways of cantillation

4 – The concept of modal evolution

5 – Mode, melody and ornamentation

6 – The eight ways of the Octoechos

7 – The Odyssey of ways

A self-administered course in Gregorian word processing is available for all students of the Gregorian Chant School in the form of a tutorial.

teacher: Matteo Cesarotto

The target

The course is self-administered and is divided into 15 lessons that will give the opportunity to learn how to use a digital platform for Gregorian word processing with the possibility of sending the computers proposed during the course to the teacher and receiving advice to improve and verify the learning status. .

The arguments

The 15 lessons will focus on: Meinrad, Basic Introduction; Transcribe with Meinrad: syllabic style antiphons; Meinrad: unicode; Meinrad: semi-updated style antiphons; Meinrad: integrating a musical example into a text; Meinrad & Illuminare Score Editor; Illuminare Score Editor: overview; Transcribe with Illuminare Score Editor: syllabic style antiphons, complex spellings, ornate passages; Illuminate Score Editor: alpha version; Illuminate Score Editor & Inkscape; Transcripts & Analysis; Exercises

Program of weekends in presence

2 weekends, Saturday-Sunday, indicative times (some changes may be made due to logistical needs)

Saturday: 10-13; 15-19
Sunday: 9-13; 15-18
26 – 27 March 2022
23 – 24 April 2022

The weekends will be held in Parma in a place that will be communicated in time and will be dedicated to setting up and singing the Second Vespers of the  Dominica in albis (24 April 2022)

teachers: Fulvio Rampi, Angelo Corno, Giorgio Merli, Luca Buzzavi, Michael Guastalla

Lessons for homogeneous groups and as a whole dedicated to the executive practice of the Office’s repertoire, with particular attention to the pieces analyzed during the online theoretical courses. Elements of Gregorian leadership.

In the Repertory modules, topics related to: textual composition, liturgical contextualization, Gregorian forms and styles, modalities will also be addressed.

teacher: Roberto Spremulli

GENERAL ASPECTS

1 – Phono-articulatory and respiratory system: physiological aspects; breathing zones and their conscious and functional use to the repertoire; sound production area; vocal cords and larynx; sound amplification zone; spaces of resonance and development of harmonic sounds.

2 – The voice and the registers: conscious and functional use of the repertoire; chest register; center register (mixed zone); head register; falsetto register.

3 – Vocal behavior of the single chorister, of the group and intonation; aspects related to the speaking technique; aspects related to the quality of phonemes and single vowels; aspects related to modal / tonal growth and to the individual and group ear; aspects related to the ability to develop functional intervals for vocal intonation.

SPECIFIC ASPECTS

Vocality and performance practice: semiological experience, attack, detachment, legate, vibrato, repercussion, correct diction, comprehensibility of the text, syllabic articulation and liquescence, voice and dynamics, use of breathing in the interpretative context, passages to acute and grave.

VOCALIZATION PROPOSALS: functional to the repertoire and performance


Other Courses

March – July 2022

Based on the collaboration with research and study groups, a cycle of online seminars will be set up in the indicated period dedicated to medieval culture and the relationship between Gregorian Chant, other artistic disciplines and the relationship with Polyphony.

Further information will be communicated during the academic year of the Gregorian Chant School.

Teachers: Fulvio Rampi, Angelo Corno, Luca Buzzavi and guest lecturers for the seminars

The course will be structured as follows:

PLACE AND DATES

From Thursday 30 June to Sunday 3 July 2022, at the Abbey of Santa Maria del Monte in Cesena (FC)

ROUTES

It will be possible to choose between the following training courses:

SUPERIOR PATH (Maestro Angelo Corno): a theoretical-practical itinerary through the compositional cells of Gregorian Chant between semiology, modalities and rhetoric, intended for those who have already completed study paths on the subject.
INTRODUCTORY PATH (Maestro Luca Buzzavi): an introduction to the performance practice of Gregorian Chant starting from the simple antiphons, arriving at the repertoire of the Proper, designed for those who are at their first steps and wish to experience the proper song of the Church.

Modules common to all training courses will be:

EXERCISES (M ° Fulvio Rampi): during this module, in the combined courses, the Ordinary and Proper repertoire of the 14th Sunday of Ordinary Time (year C) will be studied. The lessons will be held by Maestro Fulvio Rampi, director of the Cantori Gregoriani professional ensemble
SEMINARS: two moments of monographic study dedicated to specific aspects of Gregorian Chant in seminar form with guided listening (also available online on the Zoom platform)
MONASTIC LITURGIES: in collaboration with the Benedictine monks of the Abbey, all members will be given the opportunity to actively follow some monastic liturgies (in particular Lauds and Vespers) through prepared aids

CERTIFICATE OF ATTENDANCE

The certificate of attendance will be issued with 70% of actual attendance.

TIMETABLE

ACCOMMODATION

Conventions will be available for both accommodation and meals, which can be consulted on the website

https://www.aerco.academy/corsoestivo/

Theoretical courses online

in a foreign language

🇵🇹 🇬🇧

In response to the requests registered by AERCO, two courses were set up in Portuguese and English:

curso em lingua portuguesa

docente: Clayton Dias

20 horas-aulas, 10 video-conferências pelo Zoom

Datas e horário:

2, 9, 16, 23 e 30 de outubro

6, 13, 20 e 27 de novembro

4 de dezembro

10:00 às 12h:00 (horário no Brasil)

Objetivo

O curso tem por objetivo introduzir os estudantes na utilização do repertório contido no Graduale Simplex através do estudo teórico e prático das peças deste livro e dos manuscritos úteis para a sua interpretação semiológica, com especial atenção ao estudo do Antifonário de Hartker e a sua retórica à serviço da exegese.

Campo de investigação

  • Análise e aprendizado das peças do Graduale Simplex;
  • Análise do Antifonário de Hartker e de outros manuscritos adiastemáticos úteis para a interpretação semiológica das peças do Graduale Simplex.

Metodologia

  • Aulas expositivas sobre os tópicos teóricos a serem abordados;
  • Aulas complementadas por exemplos e exercícios práticos do repertório analisado;

Tópicos

  1. A concepção do Graduale Simplex: o difícil caminho para a sua publicação;
  2. O Antifonário de Hartker: a arte retórica a serviço da exegese;
  3. A Instrução Geral (Prænotanda) do Graduale Simplex: as indicações práticas;
  4. Cantus in Ordine Missæ: comparação entre Graduale Simplex e Missale Romanum (Editio typica tertia);
  5. O canto do Kyriale Simplex;
  6. Graduale Simplex: o canto do Próprio do Tempo;
  7. Graduale Simplex: o canto do Próprio e do Comum dos Santos;
  8. Graduale Simplex: o canto das Missas Rituais, para várias necessidades e votivas;
  9. Graduale Simplex: o canto para a Liturgia das Exéquias;
  10. Graduale Simplex: os Tons Comuns e os Apêndices.

Avaliação

  • Constante verificação, durante o desenvolvimento das aulas, do conhecimento adquirido;
  • Transcrição, análise e execução de peças abordadas durante o curso.

for English speakers

teacher: Luca Buzzavi tutor: Barbara Bolognese

10 hours, 5 webinars, on Zoom

Timetable:

October: 10-24

November: 13-20-27

From 8 pm to 10 pm Rome time (GMT+1)

Course Aims

To provide the necessary knowledge and tools to access our specific exercise sessions and our more advanced courses

Learning framework

Chants from the Graduale Simplex and the Hartker antiphonary will be analyzed throughout the course

Metodology

The students will be introduced to the first steps in the study of Gregorian Chant with the aid of schematic slides, supporting pictures, listening sessions on specific features and examples described in class and suggested readings.

Topics and exercise sessions

Our proposed learning path will follow these steps:

1- Basics on tetragrams and Vatican (square) notation

  • Exercise session: analysis of chants in square notation

2- Forms and styles of Gregorian chant

  • Exercise session: stylistic analysis of selected chants in the Gregorian repertory

3- Structure of the two main adiastematic notations (Gallican and Messine): from monosonic to trisonic neumes. An introduction to neums with specific phrasing values (i.e. those containing an oriscus or a quilisma) and to the phenomenon of liquescence. Basics on tones and modes.

  • Exercise session: some easy exercises on “backwards semiology” and on how to search the main adiastematic manuscripts

4- The texts of Gregorian chant

  • Exercise session: the students will learn how to identify the different types of textual interventions and how to search the Antiphonale Missarum Sextuplex

5- Elements of rhetoric within the chant

  • rhetorical analysis of selected office antiphons

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