Teacher: Giorgio Merli
Provide the necessary knowledge to be able to analyze musical manuscripts of different eras containing repertoire of Gregorian liturgical chant and local rites surviving the period of unification of the Carolingian era, identifying: The location of the sheet examined (feast, time and liturgical moment) The type of manuscript as a function of the content (gradual, antiphonary, etc.) The type of notation, its dating, provenance and possible influences of mother notations.
Field of study
The analysis will focus in particular on the manuscripts of the various geographical areas starting from the first adiastematic testimonies, but some later testimonies up to the first printed editions will also be examined, limited to square notation and Gregorian chant).
The essential theoretical discussion will be as limited as possible: we will try to make immediate reference, for each topic, to the handwritten testimonies through specific exercises. The “in-the-field” investigation aims to make the discussion of topics interesting that otherwise would risk appearing dry.
Topics and exercises
1 – The various types of liturgical books with musical notation (gradual, antiphonary, missal, hymnal, processional, etc.)
- Exercise: analysis of manuscript pages with the aim of identifying their typology
2 – Notes on the theories about the birth of musical notation. The classification criteria of a notation. Specific characteristics of the sangallese and metense notations, useful as a reference for the other notations.
- Exercise: analysis of manuscript pages with the aim of identifying the main characteristics of the notation
3 – Analysis of the main notational families divided by geographic areas (Paleofranca, German/Sangallese, Metense, Breton, Mozarabic, Aquitaine, French, Italian): first evidence and subsequent developments. Theoretical notations.
- Exercise: analysis of manuscript pages of the various notational families
A self-administered course in Gregorian Notation Software will be available to all students of the Gregorian Chant School in the form of a tutorial.